A Higher Form of Something, Certainly
Grateful to David in the comments for pointing out that Jeremy Paxman and Robert Harris, those two fierce opponents of the Iraq war after the event, co-wrote a book, A Higher Form of Killing, in the 2002 edition of which they asserted that Saddam Hussein had chemical and biological weapons.
The new 11th chapter begins with Iraq:
Every warning about the ease with which CBW [chemical and biological weapons] weapons could proliferate has been proved true by Saddam.
The unsettling truth is that much of Iraq’s CBW arsenal remains intact … After the [1991 Gulf] war, the UN weapons inspectors’ attempts even to locate, let alone eradicate, Saddam’s stockpiles of gas and germs, were consistently frustrated, and finally ended in August 1998 when Iraq withdrew all co-operation from the UN team. Since then, it may be regarded as almost certain that Iraq has continued to develop CBW.
They quote Richard Butler, the UN weapons inspector, on the subject of tests on Iranian prisoners and Abu Ghraib inmates and the withdrawal of Iraqi co-operation, and comment:
This is Saddam Hussein’s regime: cruel, lying, intimidating, and determined to retain weapons of mass destruction – weapons capable of killing thousands, even millions, at a single blow.
Of Iraq, Syria, Libya and North Korea they say:
All four countries have a reputation for sponsoring terrorism, and it is this which is now most exercising governments around the world.
I agree with their conclusion, written in December 2001, even if they no longer do:
iraq war, jeremy paxman, robert harris
In the end, the only way to ensure disarmament is to enforce it … Stating the aim is easy enough. But how is it to be achieved? By diplomacy? By sanctions? By military force? These promise to be the dominating questions in world politics over the coming months and years, as the international community continues its long struggle to eradicate what Fritz Haber called “a higher form of killing”.
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